The other day someone asked me what I would do differently if I had it to do over again. I gave a few examples (the biggest being to get water and electricity up and running before you start construction), but I’d add a better soundproofing strategy to that list. In our case it’s mostly an issue between the two units, though we are a bit disappointed in how you can hear footsteps on the floor above you in our unit. We’re scrambling to try to come up with a better solution for between the two units. In hindsight it’s something we should have taken more time to consider during the planning phase.
The main issue is that our living room is on top of our tenant’s bedroom. If we don’t take soundproofing seriously we’re going to have a very unhappy tenant every time we have people over for dinner or a party.
The first thing we did was an $800 change order to upgrade from fiberglass batt soundproofing to open cell foam soundproofing between the two units. I know there’s some debate about which is better. The fiberglass folks say fiberglass is better, the foam folks say foam is better. Fiberglass apparently has a better (or similar) STC rating (Sound Transmission Control), but open cell foam is supposed to be good at blocking mid-range frequencies like voices. But, that said, we’ve noticed you can still hear voices through the open cell foam – which worries us. Mind you, the ceiling/floor isn’t finished – it’s just a plywood floor subfloor plus the 5+ inches of foam at this point, but we figure we need to do more.
The next big thing we’re doing is metal channels that hang perpendicular to the floor joists. Between the joists and the metal channel is sound proof caulking/foam. Here’s a picture of the channels…
You can also see all the open cell foam in the picture above.
The channels screw into the joists on one side and then the sheetrock screws into the channels. Because the channels are just screwed on one side they bounce a little – that bounce is a good thing when it comes to sound.
I’m pretty sure we need to put two layers of 5/8″ drywall on the ceiling since the ceiling has a 1 hour fire rating. So there will be more sound proofing foam between the layers of sheetrock and all the mass of the drywall will really help cut the sound as well.
With any luck our tenant will sleep soundly – even when we’ve got guests over…
Two layers of 5/8″ drywall have gone in on the ceiling and things are MUCH quieter now. They still need to tape and do the wood floor, but so far voices and footsteps are significantly muffled – though still sorta audible. And the resilient channel does indeed help things. When I walk across the floor with heavy boots Dan could tell when I was over the section with channel.
Our master bedroom is directly below our tenant’s bedroom — so we have always been concerned with noise from above. But it hasn’t been a problem (other than the Argentine tenant we once had that, I swear, was doing the tango at strange hours). Once all the floors/ceilings are in, a lot of the noise will be contained. Please, and probably most important, use rugs. There is a reason that the standard NYC lease requires tenants to cover 80% (or something like that) of the floor with carpeting. On occasion we hear the sound of a floorboard squeak, but that cannot be helped. You’ll be fine.
We’ve always used rugs in the past, but wanted to move to bare wood floors this time around – at least for the most part – I can see a small rug near the couch / seating area, etc. But on the plus side we always take off our shoes when we come in the house – so we’re not that noisy. The click clack of our dogs nails is probably more of an issue than our footsteps. Then there’s sound from the stereo – we’ll do what we can in that area too – put the subwoofer on a soundproofing pad, etc.